Standards and Assessments
 


Standards

Arizona English Language Arts Anchor Standards
This document contains the English Language Arts Anchor Standards that includes Reading Standards for Literature and Informational Text, Writing Standards, Speaking and Listening Standards.
Publication Date: December 2016
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education

Arizona English Language Arts Standards Overview
This is an overview of the standards for language arts that demonstrate a K-12 progression of skills for reading, writing, listening, speaking and the use of language effectively in a variety of content areas. 
Publication Date: December 2016
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education

Arizona Mathematics Standards
This is an overview of the standards for mathematics that demonstrates a K-12 progression of skills that emphasize problem-solving, quantitative reasoning, and modeling.
Publication Date: December 2016
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education

Arizona Social Studies Standards
The Arizona History and Social Science Standards are organized into five content areas that include four or five major core concepts referred to as Anchor Standards. Anchor Standards represent skills and content that all high school graduates should possess in order to participate in civic life.
Publication Date: October 2018
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education

Arizona’s English Language Arts Anchor Standards
This document contains the English Language Arts Anchor Standards that includes Reading Standards for Literature and Informational Text, Writing Standards, Speaking and Listening Standards.
Publication Date: December 2016
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education

Connecting Social and Emotional Learning to the Arizona English Language Arts Standards
This infographic highlights the natural connections between the Arizona English Language Arts Standards and the Social and Emotional Learning Competencies.
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education

Improving College and Career Readiness for Students with Disabilities
The brief examines issues and strategies related to preparation and readiness for postsecondary education and careers and includes examples of current programs and policies that help students with disabilities to successfully transition to college and career.
Authors: Betsy Brand, Andrew Valent, and Louis Danielson
Publication Date: March 2013
Publisher: American Institutes for Research


Assessments

4 Formative Assessment Practices that Make a Difference in Classrooms
Research shows that keeping four practices at the core of instruction makes a big difference. This article discusses clarifying learning, eliciting evidence, providing feedback, and activating learners.
Publication Date: March 2016
Publisher: Northwest Evaluation Association

Accommodation Guidelines: Selecting, Administering, and Evaluating Accommodations for Instruction and Assessment
This manual is divided into sections to address the topics of accommodation selection and use in instruction and as they pertain to specific state assessments.
Publication Date: July 2017
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education

An Integrated Approach to Defining a System-Level Theory of Action for Formative Assessment 
This is a discussion of an ecological theory of action for formative assessment within the system for planning interventions and policies that support increased and improved teacher practice and student learning. It includes a discussion of the program evaluation theory of action that can be utilized after programs are in place to ensure that the system is working as intended.
Publication Date: June 2018
Publisher: Council of Chief State School Officers

Assessment Leadership Leading a Balanced, Comprehensive Assessment System to Improve Teaching and Learning
This paper addresses assessment leadership, school or district administrators, teacher leaders, technical assistance leaders, professional development leaders, as an integral part of establishing a comprehensive, balanced assessment system and a culture of effective evidence use. 
Authors: Jessica Arnold and Robert Sheffield, with Chelsea Talakoub
Publication Date: October 2020
Publisher: WestEd

Assessment: Research Summary
This research report describes an experimental study of teachers' development of formative and summative assessment, the importance of balanced assessment, and the effect on student achievement.
Authors: Robert M. Capraro, Mary F. Roe, Micki M. Caskey, David Strahan, Penny A. Bishop, and Christopher C. Weis
Publisher: Association for Middle Level Education

Assessments to Guide Adolescent Literacy Instruction 
This document provides a research-based overview of the types of literacy assessments that can help direct teaching and learning at all levels, with special attention to assessments in the classroom setting.
Authors: Joseph K. Torgesen and Debra Houston Miller
Publication Date: 2009
Publisher: Center on Instruction

Balanced Assessment Framework
This assessment framework guides educators in how to utilize the appropriate assessment practice for each purpose and how to use the data obtained from each type of assessment to ultimately improve student achievement.
Publication Date: March 2018
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education

Connecting Formative Assessment Research to Practice
This brief defines formative assessment, examines the research, and outlines the components needed to develop a high-quality, research-based formative assessment plan in a state, district, or school.
Publication Date: 2009
Publisher: Learning Point Associates

ESSentials LogoESSentials: Digging into State Testing Data for Grades 4-8
This activity provides a global picture of how students are doing in general and identifies specific areas that need
improvement. The data will be used to guide collaborative team actions leading to increased student achievement.
Publication Date: April 2018
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education, Exceptional Student Services

Five Formative Assessment Strategies to Improve Distance Learning Outcomes for Students with Disabilities
Formative assessment is particularly important for students with disabilities. This brief describes the use of formative assessment with students with disabilities during distance learning.
Publication Date: May 2020
Publisher: National Center on Educational Outcomes

Formative and Summative Assessments in the Classroom
This article defines formative and summative assessment and offers examples and strategies. It further discusses the importance of balancing assessments.
Authors: Catherine Garrison and Michael Ehringhaus
Publication Date: August 2013
Publisher: Association for Middle Level Education

Formative Assessment for Students with Disabilities
This report provides teachers, both special education and general education, with an introduction to the knowledge and skills they need to confidently and successfully implement formative assessment for students with disabilities in their classrooms.
Authors: Susan Brookhart and S. Lazarus
Publication Date: December 2017
Publisher: Council of Chief State School Officers

Formative Assessment That Truly Informs Instruction
This position paper discusses varied purposes of assessment and highlights the central importance of teacher decision making in the process of assessment that informs instruction and improves student learning. 
Publication Date: October 2013
Publisher: National Council of Teachers of English

Formative Assessment the Student Role
The rubric language of the Formative Assessment Dimensions is primarily targeted at educators. This document is intended to provide information specific to the important role of students in the process.
Publication Date: January 2018
Publisher: WestEd

Formative Assessment: A Position Statement of the International Reading Association
Formative assessment is a purposeful process that provides teachers and students with descriptive feedback concerning students’ literacy. Teachers use formative assessment to inform instruction. When engaging in formative assessment, teachers and students share responsibility for learning. The International Reading Association supports formative assessment as an integral component of a comprehensive approach to literacy instruction and assessment.
Publication Date: 2013
Publisher: International Reading Association

Formative Assessment: An Enabler of Learning
This article explains formative assessment as a powerful practice of collaboration between teacher and students to move students’ learning forward while their learning is still in the process of developing.
Author: Margaret Heritage
Publication Date: Spring 2011
Publisher: Center on Standards and Assessment Implementation

Formative Assessment: Examples of Practice
The purpose of this document is to share some examples of the Council of Chief State School Officers’ (CCSSO) definition of formative assessment in practice.
Author: E. Caroline Wylie
Publication Date: 2008
Publisher: Council of Chief State School Officers

Guidance for IEP Teams on Participation Decisions for the NCSC Alternate Assessment
This document is intended to help guide Individualized Education Program (IEP) teams to determine whether the National Center and State Collaborative (NCSC) Alternate Assessment, an alternate assessment based on alternate achievement standards, is the most appropriate assessment for an individual student. 
Publication Date: Revised November 2014
Publisher: National Center and State Collaborative

How Classroom Assessments Improve Learning
This article explains three ways teachers need to change their approach to assessment in order to use assessments to improve instruction and student learning.
Author: Thomas Guskey
Publication Date: February 2003
Publisher: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development

Learning Progressions: Supporting Instruction and Formative Assessment
This paper offers how learning progressions can support instructional planning and formative assessment. It includes several examples and three different approaches to constructing learning progressions.
Author: Margaret Heritage
Publication Date: 2008
Publisher: Council of Chief State School Officers

Multi-State Alternate Assessment (MSAA)
The Multi-State Alternate Assessment (MSAA) is a comprehensive assessment system designed to promote increasing higher academic outcomes for students with significant cognitive disabilities in preparation for a broader array of post-secondary outcomes.
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education

Pre-Assessment to Plan Instruction for Students with Disabilities During Distance Learning
Pre-assessments can focus on prerequisite knowledge and skills or current knowledge and interests. Teachers can use pre-assessments to serve instructional planning needs, to identify concepts to emphasize, or to determine most effective learning activities and differentiation needs.
Publication Date: December 2020
Publisher: National Center on Educational Outcomes

Quality Performance Assessment: Harnessing the Power of Teacher and Student Learning
The purpose of the Quality Performance Assessment (QPA) Framework is to provide guidance to teachers and administrators on how to design a performance assessment system that include the elements of aligned instruction, task design, and data analysis.
Authors: Christina Brown and Pascale Mevs
Publication Date: February 2012
Publisher: Center for Collaborative Education

Revising the Definition of Formative Assessment
This updated definition of formative assessment is intended to integrate new applications, research, and findings that have evolved since the definition was initially drafted.
Publication Date: November 2018
Publisher: Council of Chief State School Officers 

The Impact of Formative Assessment and Learning Intentions on Student Achievement
This brief begins with an analysis of current research linking formative assessment to academic performance and then moves into a discussion of learning objectives’ impact on student outcomes.
Publication Date: August 2014
Publisher: Hanover Research

The Power of Evidence Use in Formative Assessment
This brief discusses how the process of eliciting, interpreting, and responding to evidence of student learning creates the conditions for teachers and students to shift their conception of learning itself to be one that arises out of and promotes collective knowledge.
Authors: Barbara Jones and Nancy Gerzon
Publication Date: October 2020
Publisher: WestED

The Reading for Understanding Initiative: Key Findings and Implications for States and Districts
The report is divided into sections based on the major strands that were used to organize the National Symposium on Reading for Understanding: Assessment, Curriculum and Instruction, Professional Development, and Implementation. Each section provides a brief summary of the research and recommendations for state and district leaders.
Publication Date: November 2018
Publisher: Council of Chief State School Officers 

The Student Role in Advanced Formative Assessment Practice: Self-Assessment, Peer Feedback, and Discourse
This paper identifies three critical components of the student role in advanced formative assessment practice and discusses how implementing self-assessment, peer feedback, and discourse help students gain confidence to be able to make decisions about the status of their own learning, to extend that learning, and to envision next steps.
Authors: Nancy Gerzon and Barbara Jones
Publication Date: October 2020
Publisher: WestED

Using the Formative Assessment Rubrics, Reflection and Observation Tools to Support Professional
Reflection on Practice (Revised)

The purpose of this document is to provide guidelines and resources for use in observations and reflections on
formative assessment practices.
Author: Caroline Wylie and Christine Lyon
Publication Date: February 2016
Publisher: Council of Chief State School Officers

Welcome to Assessments
The ADE Assessment Section is responsible for statewide assessment of students enrolled in Arizona public schools. The section works closely with educators in the development and administration of our assessments. All Arizona public schools, including district schools and charter schools, are required to properly administer state and federally mandated assessments.
Publication Date: September 2020
Publisher - Arizona Department of Education

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