Equity, Diversity, and Inclusionary Practices

A Restorative Approach for Equitable Education
This brief describes how schools can ameliorate racial inequities with research-based practices that advance a restorative approach to schooling and make learning environments more supportive, equitable, and anti-racist.
Authors: Jennifer DePaoli, Laura E. Hernández, Roberta C. Furger, and Linda Darling-Hammond
Publication Date: March 2021
Publisher: Learning Policy Institute 

Best Practices, Strategies, and Recommendations for Improving School Climate and Culture
This report reviews resources for interventions or approaches that may help to improve school climate and culture. Each resource includes a list of best practices, strategies, or recommendations.
Publication Date: March 2018
Publisher: Southeast Comprehensive Center at American Institutes for Research 

Building Technology Infrastructure for Learning
This guide provides practical, actionable information intended to help both technical personnel and educational leaders navigate the many decisions required to deliver broadband connectivity to students. It presents a variety of options for school and district leaders to consider when making technology infrastructure decisions, recognizing that circumstances and context vary greatly from district to district.
Publication Date: June 2017
Publisher: U.S. Department of Education

Creating Equity for Students with Special Needs
This is an interview transcript of a high school principal, an author and education advocate for students with all types of disabilities, a former public school elementary teacher and mother of two children with special needs, and a computer teacher who discussed how to implement best practices for inclusionary education.
Publication Date: March 2020
Publisher: National Association of Secondary School Principals  

Critical Components of Successful Inclusion of Students with Severe Disabilities: Literature Review
This review provides an overview of literature regarding effective practices for inclusion with a focus on critical components of successful inclusion that work effectively with students with disabilities in inclusive schools.
Authors: Turki Alquraini and Dianne Gut
Publication Date: 2012
Publisher: International Journal of Special Education

Cultivating and Applying Race Equity Mindsets Among K–12 Education Leaders: Key Questions for Reflection
Each section of this paper offers a brief explanation of an equity-focused theme, a set of key questions intended for group reflection on that theme, and a description or scenario that briefly conveys possible ways the questions might be used. At the end of the document is a list of related resources for further learning and inquiry.
Author: Laura Buckner
Publication Date: 2021
Publisher: WestEd

Discussing Race, Racism, and Important Current Events with Students: A Guide with Lesson Plans and Resources
This guide is intended to increase frequency and quality of conversations about race, racism, and current events regarding race in K-12 classrooms to support students and provide voice and self-reflection. It includes recommendations and tips for creating statements of support, preparing for and facilitating constructive classroom discussions, addressing harmful statements, and designing lesson plans and units for ongoing learning.
Authors: Naomi Brahim, Sarah Fairbanks Falcon, Tamika La Salle, Milaney Leverson, Stephanie Martinez, Sara McDaniel, Kent McIntosh, Ruth Payno-Simmons, Alexandria Robers, Therese Sandomierski, Maria Reina Santiago-Rosario, Kent Smith, and Kimberly Yanek
Publication Date: July 2021
Publisher: Center on Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports, University of Oregon 

Educating Students with Learning Disabilities in Inclusive Classrooms
This study looks at the need for educators to make placement decisions considering the resources available in their school, in addition to the skill level of the students they work with, in order to make proper decisions regarding least restrictive environment.
Author: Jeremy Ford
Publication Date: Fall/Winter 2013
Publisher: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education

Educational Equity and Quality in K- 12 Schools: Meeting the Needs of All Students
This paper discusses the importance of equity and quality education in K-12 schools and how employing equity and quality strategies in classroom instructional practices and school culture can positively change children’s lives.
Authors: Doris L. Thompson and Sherwood Thompson
Publication Date: Fall 2018
Publisher: Journal for the Advancement of Educational Research International

Forward Together: A School Leader’s Guide to Creating Inclusive Schools
This guide is organized around three pillars of practice for creating inclusive schools: establishing common beliefs, creating an inclusive culture, and implementing effective instructional practices. These pillars help schools build confident and successful learners who can meet challenges and capitalize on opportunities in college and in the workplace.
Authors: Lindsay DeHartchuck, Lindsay Kruse, and Meghan Whittaker
Publication Date: December 2019
Publisher: National Center for Learning Disabilities and Understood

Framework for Teaching
The Framework for Teaching has proven to accelerate teacher growth, improve student outcomes, and create a more rewarding and sustaining professional environment. Explore the 2022 updates in the Framework for Teaching with this interactive, digital resource that transforms the guide into a hands-on online tool to gain a deeper understanding of the domains, components, elements of success, and more.
Publication Date: 2022
Publisher: The Danielson Group

High-Quality Curricula and Team-Based Professional Learning: A Perfect Partnership for Equity
Three real-world examples illustrate how schools and school systems are working to support teachers to skillfully use high-quality, standards-aligned curricula, by providing teachers with the time and expertise to use those curricula well, with a focus on team-based, collaborative learning.
Publication Date: 2018
Publisher: Learning Forward 

How Family, School, and Community Engagement Can Improve Student Achievement and Influence School Reform
This literature review examines how family and community partnerships can promote school improvement efforts. Key components of promising family-school partnerships that support school and district level reform are identified.
Authors: Lacy Wood and Emily Bauman
Publication Date: February 2017
Publisher: American Institutes for Research and Nellie Mae Education Foundation

How Principals Affect Students and Schools A Systematic Synthesis of Two Decades of Research
This report addresses three main questions. Who are public school principals, and how have their characteristics changed over the past two decades? How much do principals contribute to student achievement and other school outcomes? and What are effective principals’ characteristics, skills, and behaviors?
Authors: Jason A. Grissom, Anna J. Egalite, and Constance A. Lindsay
Publication Date: February 2021
Publisher: Wallace Foundation

How the Science of Learning and Development Can Transform Education
This brief summarizes several initial lessons from contemporary research that have significant implications for those working to advance opportunity, equity, learning, and youth development.
Authors: Pamela Cantor, Linda Darling-Hammond, Bethany Little, Scott Palmer, David Osher, Karen Pittman, and Todd Rose
Publication Date: May 2020
Publisher: Science of Learning and Development Alliance

How to Address Educational Equity: Research-Based Recommendations for Educators
This article explains the Culturally Responsive Mastery-Based Education research project exploring how schools incorporated both culturally responsive education practices and mastery-based educational practices. Implications and recommendations for bridging culturally responsive and mastery-based education are included.
Authors: Lindsey Foster, Leah Peoples, Pamela D’Andrea Martínez, and Jeremy Martin
Publication Date: March 2021
Publisher: KnowledgeWorks Foundation 

Improving Outcomes for All Students: Strategies and Considerations to Increase Student Diversity
This brief provides information to support school districts seeking to improve student diversity in their schools through voluntary, community-led programs as part of an overall effort to increase equity and excellence for all students.
Publication Date: January 2017
Publisher: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Elementary and Secondary Education  

Increasing Diversity in K-12 School Leadership
This policy brief details why increasing diversity in K-12 school leadership can improve overall diversity in the teacher workforce and work to support empowered schools.
Authors: Andrene Castro, Emily Germain, and Mark Gooden
Publication Date: January 2018
Publisher: University Council for Educational Administration 

Instructional Practices That Integrate Equity-Centered Social, Emotional, and Academic Learning
This brief refines pioneering work on the integration of SEL with academics and specifically addresses 10 educator practices that promote social, emotional, and academic development and have been updated to be more inclusive of the multiple spaces in which students learn and develop.
Authors: Nicholas Yoder, Angela Ward, and Sara Wolforth
Publication Date: December 2021
Publisher: American Institutes for Research 

Introducing High-Leverage Practices in Special Education: A Professional Development Guide for School Leaders
This downloadable online guide provides school leaders, including administrators, principals, mentors and coaches, with practical tools for engaging their staff members in learning about how high-leverage practices in special education can enhance student learning in the school and district.
Publication Date: 2019
Publisher: Council for Exceptional Children and CEEDAR Center  

LGBTQ+ Students and Educators
This position statement affirms support for the rights, safety, and identity of all LGBTQ+ students, educators, and school leaders; acknowledges historic marginalization and institutional bias associated with LGBTQ+ individuals; states the association’s opposition to legislation and policies that discriminate against LGBTQ+ individuals; and provides recommendations for federal, state, and local policymakers and school leaders on how to better support LGBTQ+ students and educators in the K–12 education system.
Publication Date: July 2021
Publisher: National Association of Secondary School Principals 

Principal Leadership: Moving toward Inclusive and High-achieving Schools for Students with Disabilities
This paper synthesizes research from both the general and special education leadership literature to identify critical research findings about effective practices and their implications for practice in supporting students with disabilities. An innovation configuration matrix is included for rating levels of implementation.
Authors: Bonnie S. Billingsley, James McLeskey, and Jean B. Crockett
Publication Date: June 2017 Revised
Publisher: University of Florida, Collaboration for Effective Educator, Development, Accountability, and Reform Center 

Professional Standards for Educational Leaders 2015
The 2015 Standards (formerly known as ISLLC Standards) have been recast with a stronger, clearer emphasis on students and student learning, outlining foundational principles of leadership to help ensure that each child is well-educated and prepared for the 21st century. They elevate areas of educational leader work that were once not well understood or deemed less relevant but have since been shown to contribute to student learning.
Publication Date: Updated November 2017
Publisher: National Policy Board for Educational Administration 

PSEL 2015 and Promoting Principal Leadership for the Success of Students with Disabilities
This document provides guidance on how the Professional Standards for Educational Leaders 2015 can be applied to support inclusive principal leadership for the success of students with disabilities and highlights key competencies toward that end.
Publication Date: 2017
Publisher: Council of Chief State School Officers

Racial Justice and Educational Equity
This position statement acknowledges the important role school leaders play in addressing systemic racism, which has often been perpetuated by our school systems, and offers policy recommendations to help educators deliberately employ anti-racist practices as they work to dismantle those systems that create barriers and perpetuate race-based inequities for students of color.
Publication Date: January 2021
Publisher: National Association of Secondary School Principals 

Reimagining the Role of Technology in Education: 2017 National Education Technology Plan Update
The National Education Technology Plan sets a national vision and plan for learning enabled by technology to help affirm and advance relationships between educators and students, reinvent our approaches to learning and collaboration, shrink long-standing equity and accessibility gaps, and adapt learning experiences to meet the needs of all learners.
Publication Date: January 2017
Publisher: U.S. Department of Education

School Climate and Inclusion
This practice brief outlines school climate reform, an evidence-based strategy for K-12 school communities to promote supportive and engaging school environments.
Authors: Clement Coulston and Kaitlyn Smith
Publication Date: February 2013
Publisher: National School Climate Center

School Climate and Shared Leadership
This brief explains shared leadership and offers five strategies that lead to and sustain shared leadership in schools and addresses some of the challenges school leaders, teachers, students, and school community members may experience while co-creating positive school climates.
Authors: William Hughes and Terry Pickeral
Publication Date: February 2013
Publishers: National School Climate Center

School Practices and Accountability for Students With Disabilities
This report illustrates the findings of a study comparing school practices and accountability for students with disabilities. Among the findings, always accountable schools favored co-teaching, tiered instructional intervention, PBIS, and adopting reading across the curriculum.
Authors: Jenifer Harr-Robins, Mengli Song, Michael Garet, and Louis Danielson
Publication Date: February 2015
Publisher: Institute of Education Sciences

Significant Disproportionality in Special Education: Current Trends and Actions for Impact
It is imperative that education professionals and policymakers understand the magnitude of significant disproportionality for students of different races and ethnicities and take actions to correct it and prevent it from happening. This brief summarizes the literature and latest research on disproportionality in special education and offers changes in policy and practice that can reduce significant disproportionality in schools.
Publication Date: October 2020
Publishers: National Center for Learning Disabilities

Supporting Integrated English Learner Student Instruction: A Guide to Assess Professional Learning Needs Based on the Teaching Academic Content and Literacy to English Learners in Elementary and Middle School Practice Guide
This guide is designed to help district and school site leaders assess the professional learning needs of elementary school teachers to implement research-based recommendations for the instruction of English learner students. It includes two tools and outlines a 10-step process to align professional learning decisions with data collected from the tools.
Authors: Lori Van Houten, Lenay Dunn, Molly Faulkner Bond, Jennifer Blitz, Reino Makkonen, and Kim Austin
Publication Date: December 2021
Publishers: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Regional Educational Laboratory West.

Supporting Principals as Leaders of Special Education
This position statement highlights the important role of principals in implementing inclusive and effective special education services and offers policy recommendations to support additional training and ongoing professional learning for school leaders.
Publication Date: July 2021
Publisher: National Association of Secondary School Principals

The Term Equity in Education: A Literature Review with Scientific Mapping in Web of Science
This literature review shows how equity should be incorporated into the education system under the parameters of equal opportunities, of equality in access to higher education, regardless of gender or socio-cultural background. Authors: Pedro Jurado de los Santos, Antonio-José Moreno-Guerrero, José-Antonio Marín-Marín, and Rebeca Soler Costa
Publication Date: May 2020
Publisher: National Institutes of Health 

What Are the Roles of Principals in Successful Inclusive Schools?
The school principal is central to facilitating systemic change and leading faculty to adopt new attitudes and new practices. This article discusses the principal’s active participation and critical leadership actions.
Publication Date: August 2019
Publisher: Inclusive Schools Network