50 Ways to Keep Your Co-Teacher: Strategies for Before, During, and After Co-Teaching
This article highlights the keys to effective co-teaching that research and literature have identified and clarifies the critical factors necessary for developing and maintaining a successful co-teaching team.
Authors: Wendy W. Murawski and Lisa Dieker
Publication Date: 2008
Publisher: Council for Exceptional Children

A Successful Formula for Middle School Inclusion: Collaboration, Time, and Administrative Support
This report summarizes the results of a survey on attitudes toward inclusion, which was conducted in a middle school in a large school district. The survey was given prior to the beginning of the school year, and immediately prior to the implementation of full inclusion.
Authors: Susan Pitts Santoli, John Sachs, Elizabeth A. Romey, and Stephen McClurg
Publication Date: 2008
Publisher: RMLE Online: Research in Middle Level Education

Building Teacher Collaboration School-wide
This article discusses collaboration within three organizational models: common planning time, professional learning communities, and critical friends groups.
Authors: Micki M. Caskey and Jan Carpenter
Publication Date: October 2014
Publisher: Association for Middle Level Education

Co-Planning Meeting Agenda Template
This is a template for a planning session for co-teachers. An example of the Co-Planning Meeting Agenda with variations of co-teaching is provided.
Publisher: William & Mary School of Education

Co-Teaching Beliefs to Support Inclusive Education: Survey of Relationships between General and Special Educators in Inclusive Classes
This study’s results suggest that Arizona general and special educators in co-teaching relationships hold more similar perceptions regarding belief and approaches to teaching and also personal characteristics needed for effect co-teaching relations than dissimilar.
Authors: Ida Malian and Erin McRae
Publication Date: Spring 2010
Publisher: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education 

Co-Teaching and Team Teaching: Promising Opportunities for Supporting Novice Special Education Teachers Within the School Culture
This brief focuses on collaborative opportunities that can counteract the isolation of special education teachers and help teachers to work together on providing high-quality education for all students in the general classroom.
Publisher: National Center to Inform Policy and Practice in Special Education Professional Development

Collaborating for Success: The Vital Role of Content Teachers in Developing Disciplinary Literacy with Students in Grades 6–12
This report discusses how content teachers and ELA teachers can plan to address literacy standards in their own disciplines within integrated instructional units.
Publication Date: 2015
Publisher: International Reading Association

Collaboration: Closing the Effective Teaching Gap
This policy brief offers a powerful perspective on teaching effectiveness and teacher collaboration with evidence showing that when teachers are given time and tools to collaborate with their peers, they're more likely to teach
effectively and more likely to remain in the high-needs schools that need them most.
Authors: Barnett Berry, Alesha Daughtrey, and Alan Wieder
Publication Date: December 2009
Publisher: Center for Teaching Quality

Common Planning: A Linchpin Practice in Transforming Secondary Schools
This report elaborates the promise and challenges of Common Planning and offer recommendations for stronger, more widespread implementation and rigorous study.
Authors: Nettie Legters, Dia Adams, and Patrice Williams
Publisher: Academy for Educational Development

Communicating with Parents: Strategies for Teachers
This article presents a range of communication opportunities available to teachers, including the emerging use of technology. Barriers to effective communication are considered in conjunction with potential solutions.
Author: Susan Graham-Clay
Publisher: The School Community Journal

Connecting Principal Leadership, Teacher Collaboration, and Student Achievement
This study provides evidence of important links between shared instructional leadership, teacher collaboration, and student achievement. Implications for practitioners include encouraging leaders to focus on instruction in their schools and to support teachers’ shared leadership and their collaborative practices.
Authors: Yvonne L. Goddard, Robert Miller, Ross Larson, Roger Goddard, Jean Madsen, and Patricia Schroeder
Publication Date: Mat 2010
Publisher: Education Leadership Research Center at Texas A&M University

Creating a Warm and Inclusive Classroom Environment: Planning for All Children to Feel Welcome
This article discusses how the classroom environment should do as much to foster cooperation and acceptance as the teaching methods that the teacher uses. Included is a number of methods to help teachers plan for and create a classroom that welcomes and supports all children.
Authors: Jessica L. Bucholz and Julie L. Sheffler
Publication Date: Spring 2009
Publisher: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education

Dispelling the Myths of Inclusive Education
The purpose of this document is to share and dispel several common myths about inclusive education for students with disabilities.
Publication Date: Spring 2014
Publisher: TASH 

Dont Give Up! Practical Strategies for Challenging Collaborations
This article draws on professional literature and hundreds of teacher experiences to offer evidence-based strategies of addressing challenges in teacher collaborations.
Authors: Sharon Cramer and Jan Stivers
Publication Date: 2007
Publisher: TEACHING Exceptional Children

Educating Students with Learning Disabilities in Inclusive Classrooms
This study looks at the need for educators to make placement decisions considering the resources available in their school, in addition to the skill level of the students they work with, in order to make proper decisions regarding least restrictive environment. Doing so puts the student at the center of educational planning rather than ideological belief.
Author: Jeremy Ford
Publication Date: Fall/Winter 2013
Publisher: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education

Effective Co-Teaching Strategies 
This article explains, compares, and contrasts four collaborative teaching approaches that have proven to be successful for educators who work together in co-teaching partnerships to differentiate instruction. 
Author: Richard Villa
Publisher: K-12 Teachers Alliance

Effective Inclusion Practices
This report summarizes five practices essential in successful inclusive environments that benefit students with and without disabilities. These strategies include assessing the whole child, performance-based assessments, and use of visuals, specifically graphic organizers, and collaboration. 
Author: M. Alyssa Barnes
Publication Date: Spring 2009
Publisher: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education

Effective Teaching Practices for Students in Inclusive Classrooms
This article provides tips for inclusive practices that will assist general education teachers in meeting the educational needs of their students with disabilities.
Author: Sue Land
Publication Date: November/December 2004
Publisher: William & Mary School of Education

Engaging Families at the Secondary Level: What Schools Can Do to Support Family Involvement
This article discusses more inclusive family-school involvement strategies at the middle and high school level that successfully support teenage academic achievement.
Authors: Chris Ferguson and Victor Rodriguez
Publication Date: July 2005
Publisher: National Center for Family and Community Connections with Schools

Frequently Asked Questions About Inclusive Education
This document answers questions regarding inclusive practices in education.
Publication Date: 2015
Publisher: Stetson & Associates, Inc.

General Education and Special Education Teachers Collaborate to Support English Language Learners
with Learning Disabilities

This article suggests collaboration between general and special education teachers and other specialists to work together to provide appropriate learning experiences and research-based strategies for ELLs with LD. 
Author: Huong Tran Nguyen
Publication Date: Spring 2012
Publishers: Issues in Teacher Education

Improving Teacher Effectiveness through Structured Collaboration: A Case Study of a Professional Learning Community
This article discusses case study results that demonstrated professional learning community activities of same-subject or same-grade teacher teams had the potential to achieve significant improvements in teaching effectiveness.
Author: Parry Graham
Publication Date: 2007
Publisher: National Middle School Association

Inclusion and Problem-Based Learning: Roles of Students in a Mixed-Ability Group
This case study examined how members of a small group in a mainstreamed seventh grade science class interacted with and supported each other as they engaged in a problem-based learning (PBL) unit.
Authors: Brian R. Belland, Krista D. Glazewski, and Peggy A. Ertmer
Publication Date: 2009
Publisher: Research in Middle Level Education Online

Inclusion Professional Development Model and Regular Middle School Educators
These are the results of a study to determine the impact of a professional development model on regular education middle school teachers’ knowledge of best practices for teaching inclusive classes and attitudes toward teaching these classes.
Authors: Otelia Royster, Gary L. Reglin, and Nonofo Losike-Sedimo
Publisher: The Journal of At-Risk Issues

Instructing Students With High-Incidence Disabilities in the General Education Classroom
This chapter describes inclusion models and provides suggestions for effective practices for increasing learning for all students when students with high-incidence disabilities are included in the general education classroom.
Authors: Sharon Vaughn, Jeanne Shay Schumm, and James W. Forgan
Publisher: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development

Maximizing the Impact of Teacher Collaboration
This article discusses structured professional collaboration that focuses on improved instruction benefiting both teachers and students. Five questions answer how teachers can keep their collaboration on track so that it contributes to the growth of a professional learning community in their school.
Publication Date: March 2007
Publisher: Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement

Middle School Inclusion: Case Studies of Three General Education Teachers
This study examines how three middle school teachers included students with disabilities in their classrooms. Areas explored included preparation, training, and/or support; attitudes and beliefs; learning environment; planning; and types of adaptations.
Author: Megan Mackey
Publication Date: October 2012
Publisher: Northeastern Educational Research Association

Paraeducators Perceptions of Their Roles in Inclusive Classrooms: A National Study of Paraeducators
This report discusses a national survey conducted to ascertain paraeducators perceptions regarding their roles with inclusive classes, collaboration with general and special education teachers, responsibilities within the classroom regarding instruction, other management of the daily routines, and their beliefs about teaching and training needs.
Author: Ida Malian
Publication Date: 2011
Publisher: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education

Perceptions of Inclusion of Students with Disabilities in the Middle School: Research Summary
This report examines the major components of inclusion in a well-established program, and then, provide parents, educators, and students' perceptions of inclusion in the middle school setting.
Authors: Rebecca Kimbrough and Kate Mellen
Publication Date: February 2012
Publisher: Association for Middle Level Education

School Engagement Among Parents of Middle School Youth
This report offers strategies that schools can use to forge deeper connections to parents of middle school students through home-based involvement, school-based involvement, and academic socialization.
Authors: Angela Valdovinos D’Angelo, Lauren Rich, and Amelia Kohm
Publication Date: May 2012
Publisher: Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

Strong Teams, Strong School
This article discusses how effective teams strengthen leadership, improve teaching and learning, nurture relationships, increase job satisfaction, and provide a means for mentoring and supporting new teachers and administrators.
Author: Dennis Sparks
Publication Date: April 2013
Publisher: Learning Forward

Successful Inclusive Practices in Middle and Secondary Schools
This article describes ways in which middle and secondary school educators have improved curricula, instruction, and assessment practices and reorganized to achieve increased collaboration and responsiveness for all students’ needs. Included is a description of the seven prominently used instructional strategies and four reorganization strategies that allow secondary school communities to become successful at educating a diverse student population.
Authors: Richard A. Villa, Jacqueline S. Thousand, Ann Nevin, and Andrea Liston
Publication Date: Summer 2005
Publisher: American Secondary Education

Teacher and Students' Perceptions of a Modified Inclusion Classroom Environment
This study examines how modifying one fourth grade inclusion classroom impacted teacher and students’ perceptions of their learning environment.
Authors: Elizabeth Kirby Fullerton and Caroline Guardino
Publication Date: Winter 2010
Publisher: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education

Teacher-Teacher Collaboration
This report explores what actually should happen in collaboration and how collaboration can effectively lead to student achievement.
Authors: Maurice Miller and Robin Burden
Publication Date: 2007
Publisher: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education

The Challenges of Inclusion and Collaboration: Understanding the Needs of Novice Special Education Teachers
Find out how administrators can help novice special education teachers address the challenges they face with inclusion, collaboration, and interactions with other adults.
Publication Date: 2010
Publisher: National Center to Inform Policy and Practice in Special Education Professional Development

The Effectiveness of the Co-Teaching Model: Literature Review
This report provides an overview of the literature surrounding co-teaching as a mode of instruction for children with and without disabilities and discusses best practices including research on its effectiveness.
Publication Date: March 2012
Publisher: Hanover Research

The Four “Knows” of Collaborative Teaching
This article focuses on helping teachers meet the challenge of co-teaching at the secondary level by examining the challenges and benefits and providing suggestions for practice.
Authors: Elizabeth B. Keefe, Veronica Moore, and Frances Duff
Publication Date: 2004
Publisher: TEACHING Exceptional Children

The Multiple Roles of School-Based Specialized Literacy Professionals
This research brief need for specialized literacy professionals to work collaboratively with students, teachers, school administrators, and community members to ensure achievement for all students.
Publication Date: 2015
Publisher: International Reading Association

The Parallel Co-Teaching Approach
This information explains the parallel co-teaching model and offers examples to illustrate how this model could work in elementary, middle-level, and high school classrooms as co-teachers conduct standards-based lessons.
Publisher: Sage Publications

The Status of Programs and Practices in America’s Middle Schools
This report of the results from two 2009 national studies confirms that recommended middle level programs and practices can be effectively implemented and that when this occurs, results are positive and encouraging.
Authors: C. Kenneth McEwin and Melanie W. Greene
Publication Date: 2011
Publisher: Association for Middle Level Education

The Supportive Co-Teaching Approach
This information explains the supportive co-teaching model and offers examples to illustrate how this model could work in elementary, middle-level, and high school classrooms as co-teachers conduct standards-based lessons.
Publisher: Sage Publications

Understanding Coteaching Components
This article describes the components of coteaching, gives examples of what the teacher interactions may resemble at each of the developmental stages of coteaching, and includes the Coteaching Rating Scale.
Authors: Susan E. Gately and Frank J. Gately, Jr.
Publication Date: 2001
Publisher: Council for Exceptional Children

Using Co-Planning Time: Strategies for a Successful Co-Teaching Marriage
This article provides specific advice on how co-planning time can be effectively used to foster the necessary foundation for co-teaching success.
Authors: Lori Howard and Elizabeth A. Potts
Publication Date: March 2009
Publisher: Council for Exceptional Children

Vertical Teaming
This article explains how collaboration, cooperation, and communication of vertical teaming establish a coherent K-12 curriculum to help students navigate the transition between elementary, middle, and high school.
Author: Penny H. Kowal
Publication Date: August 2002
Publisher: National Middle School Association