Standards and Assessments


Arizona Mathematics Standards
This is an overview of the standards for mathematics that demonstrates a K-12 progression of skills that emphasize problem-solving, quantitative reasoning, and modeling.
Publication Date: December 2016
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education

Arizona’s College and Career Ready Standards Home Page
This website offers a variety of resources for understanding and implementing Arizona’s College and Career Ready Standards.
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education

Arizona’s College and Career Ready Standards – Social Studies
The content and skills of all five strands are designed to be taught in the context of Social Studies in grades K-8. At the high school level, content area knowledge and skills are course specific. The high school strands reflect frameworks for complete courses of study in each of the content areas represented by the five strands.
Publication Date: Updated 2006
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education

College-and Career-Ready Standards and Assessments
This document explains the expectations for the federal government, states, districts, and schools to meet benchmarks for the college and career readiness of America’s students.
Publisher: U.S. Department of Education

Improving College and Career Readiness for Students with Disabilities
The brief examines issues and strategies related to preparation and readiness for postsecondary education and careers and includes examples of current programs and policies that help students with disabilities to successfully transition to college and career.
Authors: Betsy Brand, Andrew Valent, and Louis Danielson
Publication Date: March 2013
Publisher: American Institutes for Research


Accommodation Guidelines: Selecting, Administering, and Evaluating Accommodations for Instruction and Assessment
This manual is divided into sections to address the topics of accommodation selection and use in instruction and as they pertain to specific state assessments.
Publication Date: July 2017
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education

Assessment: Research Summary
This research report describes an experimental study of teachers' development of formative and summative assessment, the importance of balanced assessment, and the effect on student achievement.
Authors: Robert M. Capraro, Mary F. Roe, Micki M. Caskey, David Strahan, Penny A. Bishop, and Christopher C. Weis
Publisher: Association for Middle Level Education

Assessments to Guide Adolescent Literacy Instruction 
This document provides a research-based overview of the types of literacy assessments that can help direct teaching and learning at all levels, with special attention to assessments in the classroom setting.
Authors: Joseph K. Torgesen and Debra Houston Miller
Publication Date: 2009
Publisher: Center on Instruction

This webpage offers information for Arizona’s Measurement of Educational Readiness to Inform Teaching (AzMERIT), the new statewide achievement test adopted by the Arizona State Board of Education.
Publication Date: November 2014
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education

AzMERIT End-of-Course (EOC) Testing Guidance
This document provides guidance regarding which courses include AzMERIT End-of-Course (EOC) testing and which students participate in AzMERIT EOC testing.
Publication Date: March 2017
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education

Ensuring Valid, Effective, Rigorous Assessments
This article describes a process to ensure the use of valid, effective, and rigorous assessments with students. It is a process that every middle level teacher can use to better remediate and enrich when needed.
Authors: Nimisha H. Patel and David L. Herick
Publisher: Association for Middle Level Education

Formative and Summative Assessment
This article discusses three types of assessment: diagnostic, formative, and summative and explains distinct differences between the three.
Publisher: Northern Illinois University, Faculty Development and Instructional Design Center

Formative and Summative Assessments in the Classroom
This article defines formative and summative assessment and offers examples and strategies. It further discusses the importance of balancing assessments.
Authors: Catherine Garrison and Michael Ehringhaus
Publisher: Association for Middle Level Education

Formative Assessment That Truly Informs Instruction
This position paper discusses varied purposes of assessment and highlights the central importance of teacher decision making in the process of assessment that informs instruction and improves student learning. 
Publication Date: October 2013
Publisher: National Council of Teachers of English

Formative Assessment: A Position Statement of the International Reading Association
Formative assessment is a purposeful process that provides teachers and students with descriptive feedback concerning students’ literacy. Teachers use formative assessment to inform instruction. When engaging in formative assessment, teachers and students share responsibility for learning. The International Reading Association supports formative assessment as an integral component of a comprehensive approach to literacy instruction and assessment.
Publication Date: 2013
Publisher: International Reading Association

Formative Assessment: An Enabler of Learning
This article explains formative assessment as a powerful practice of collaboration between teacher and students to move students’ learning forward while their learning is still in the process of developing.
Author: Margaret Heritage
Publication Date: Spring 2011
Publisher: Center on Standards and Assessment Implementation

Formative Assessment: Examples of Practice
The purpose of this document is to share some examples of the Council of Chief State School Officers’ (CCSSO) definition of formative assessment in practice.
Author: E. Caroline Wylie
Publication Date: 2008
Publisher: Council of Chief State School Officers

Guidance for IEP Teams on Participation Decisions for the NCSC Alternate Assessment
This document is intended to help guide Individualized Education Program (IEP) teams to determine whether the National Center and State Collaborative (NCSC) Alternate Assessment, an alternate assessment based on alternate achievement standards, is the most appropriate assessment for an individual student. 
Publication Date: Revised November 2014
Publisher: National Center and State Collaborative

How Classroom Assessments Improve Learning
This article explains three ways teachers need to change their approach to assessment in order to use assessments to improve instruction and student learning.
Author: Thomas Guskey
Publication Date: February 2003
Publisher: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development

Multi-State Alternate Assessment (MSAA)
The Multi-State Alternate Assessment (MSAA) is a comprehensive assessment system designed to promote increasing higher academic outcomes for students with significant cognitive disabilities in preparation for a broader array of post-secondary outcomes.
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education

The Impact of Formative Assessment and Learning Intentions on Student Achievement
This brief begins with an analysis of current research linking formative assessment to academic performance and then moves into a discussion of learning objectives’ impact on student outcomes.
Publication Date: August 2014
Publisher: Hanover Research

Using the Formative Assessment Rubrics, Reflection and Observation Tools to Support Professional
Reflection on Practice (Revised) 

The purpose of this document is to provide guidelines and resources for use in observations and reflections on
formative assessment practices.
Author: Caroline Wylie and Christine Lyon
Publication Date: February 2016
Publisher: Council of Chief State School Officers