Response to Intervention
 


Assisting Students Struggling with Mathematics: Response to Intervention (RtI) for Elementary and Middle Schools
The eight recommendations in this guide are designed to help teachers, principals, and administrators use Response to Intervention for the early detection, prevention, and support of students struggling with mathematics.
Authors: Russell Gersten, Sybilla Beckmann, Benjamin Clarke, Anne Foegen, Laurel Marsh, Jon R. Star, and
Bradley Witzel
Publication Date: 2009
Publisher: Institute of Education Sciences

Assisting Students Struggling with Reading: Response to Intervention (RtI) and Multi-Tier Intervention in the Primary Grades
This guide offers five recommendations to help educators identify struggling readers and implement evidence-based strategies to promote their reading achievement. 
Authors: Russell Gersten, Donald Compton, Carol M. Connor, Joseph Dimino, Lana Santoro, Sylvia Linan-Thompson, and W. David Tilly
Publication Date: 2009
Publisher: Institute of Education Sciences


Considering Tier 3 Within a Response-to-Intervention Model
This article provides a general overview of special considerations pertaining to the provision of Tier 3 prevention and intervention efforts and specifically describes a self-questioning process to guide decision making at Tier 3. 
Author: Ruth A. Ervin
Publisher: National Center for Learning Disabilities

Core Intervention Components: Identifying and Operationalizing What Makes Programs Work
This brief focuses on the importance of identifying, operationalizing, and implementing the “core components” of evidence-based and evidence-informed interventions that likely are critical to producing positive outcomes.
Authors: Karen Blase and Dean Fixsen
Publication Date: February 2013
Publisher: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Data-Based Individualization: A Framework for Intensive Intervention
This document introduces and describes the data-based individualization (DBI) process, a framework for addressing the needs of students who require intensive intervention in academics and/or behavior. 
Publication Date: March 2013
Publisher: National Center on Intensive Intervention

Decision Making Model
This graphic illustrates the decision making process and offers steps, decision making questions, and guiding questions.
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education


Developing a Plan
The focus of this article is on the development of a building-level plan for implementation of a Response-to-Intervention (RTI) model. 
Author: George Batsche 
Publisher: RTI Action Network

Documenting Tier 1/Classroom Interventions
This article details the components of Tier 1 intervention plans and includes a teacher-friendly form that includes the essential RTI elements of an effective intervention plan. 
Publisher: Intervention Central 

ESSentials LogoESSentials: Data-Driven Instruction/Intervention
This resource explains how Humboldt Elementary created a data-friendly, collaborative culture. Using color-coded data walls, teachers examine the data of all students then work together to provide interventions. Publication Date: June 2015
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education, Exceptional Student Services

ESSentials LogoESSentials: Sharing Data to Create Stronger Parent Partnerships
This resource explains how Humboldt Elementary shares student reading data with parents so they understand it and can better work with the school to increase reading achievement.
Publication Date: June 2015
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education, Exceptional Student Services

ESSentials LogoESSentials: Student-Driven Differentiated Instruction
This resource explains how to create blocks of time to provide intervention and enrichment for all students. See how the staff of Humboldt Elementary collaborates to support the needs of all students in grades 4-6.
Publication Date: June 2015
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education, Exceptional Student Services


Evaluating and Refining Implementation
This article describes how implementation evaluation provides evidence of how well the model is being implemented, informs the professional development process, and provides feedback on how well the process is being implemented. 
Author: George Batsche 
Publisher: RTI Action Network

Evidence-Based Practice, Response to Intervention, and the Prevention of Reading Difficulties
This article provides an evidence-based perspective on what school communities can do to lower the prevalence of reading difficulties among their pupils through preventive interventions. It also delineates the roles that speech-language pathologists (SLPs) might play in these interventions.
Author: Laura M. Justice
Publication Date: October 2006
Publisher: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

How to Develop an Effective Tier 2 System
This article discusses the challenges and a process for implementation, with a particular focus on developing a Tier 2 infrastructure.
Author: Evelyn Johnson
Publisher: RTI Action Network


Implement Your Plan
This article describes a typical three year implementation plan.
Author: George Batsche
Publisher: RTI Action Network

Making Decisions About Adequate Progress in Tier 2
This article discusses the identification of students not progressing adequately in Tier 2 and making informed decisions about the nature of researched methods and measures for Tier 3 identification.
Authors: Douglas D. Dexter and Charles Hughes
Publisher: National Center for Learning Disabilities

MTSS Implementation Rubric
This rubric helps you determine the level of implementation of MTSS in the areas of leadership, assessment, curriculum, instruction, evidenced-based decision making, and integration and sustainability.
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education

MTSS Implementation Scoring Summary
This template is provided to record your rubric scores and identify the levels of implementation with evidence that include not implementing, emerging understandings, transitioning, innovating and sustaining.
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education

MTSS Introduction and Scoring Guide
This document explains the purpose of Arizona’s MTSS Implementation Rubric as self-assessment, implementation monitoring, and informing planning> Instructions for using the rubric are included.
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education

Myths About Response to Intervention (RTI) Implementation 
This article answers eleven RTI myths related to special education.
Author: Bill East
Publisher: RTI Action Network

New Roles in Response to Intervention: Creating Success for Schools and Children
The purpose of this document is to identify the key roles that school personnel and parents can undertake when an LEA or school decides to adopt an RTI strategy. A discussion of new roles for speech-language pathologists is included.
Publication Date: November 2006
Publisher: National Association of School Psychologists

Preventing Disproportionate Representation: Culturally and Linguistically Responsive Prereferral Interventions
This brief highlights four key elements of culturally- and linguistically-responsive prereferral intervention that must be included in the RTI process for culturally and linguistically diverse students. 
Authors: Shernaz B. García and Alba A. Ortiz
Publication Date: 2006
Publisher: National Center for Culturally Responsive Educational Systems

Progress Monitoring Within a Multi-Level Prevention System
This article provides a quick overview of progress monitoring and describes how progress monitoring is used within a multi-level prevention system.
Author: Lynn S. Fuchs
Publisher: National Center for Learning Disabilities

Progress Monitoring Within a Response-to-Intervention Model
This article discusses progress monitoring within a Response-to-Intervention (RTI) model and assists the reader in making informed decisions when selecting and interpreting progress-monitoring measures.
Author: Douglas D. Dexter and Charles Hughes
Publisher: RTI Action Network

RTI-Based SLD Identification Toolkit
This Toolkit provides a clear vision of best practice related to an RTI-based SLD Identification process. With this vision, school systems can develop structures to ensure that the identification process for specific learning disabilities facilitates decision making about instructional decisions to improve outcomes for students. 
Authors: Candace Cortiella, Sue Gamm, Claudia Rinaldi, and Steve Goodman
Publication Date: 2014
Publisher: RTI Action Network


Smart RTI: A Next-Generation Approach to Multilevel Prevention
This article highlights next-generation RTI practices, including summarizing the three aspects of Smart RTI and emphasizing the importance and relevance of tertiary prevention in all types of schools.
Authors: Douglas Fuchs, Lynn S. Fuchs, and Donald L. Compton 
Publication Date: April 2012
Publisher: National Institutes of Health

So What do I do Now? Strategies for Intensifying Intervention when Standard Approaches Don’t Work
This webinar discusses approaches to intensifying academic interventions for students with significant and persistent needs with an emphasis on combining cognitive processing strategies with academic learning. 
Authors: Sharon Vaughn and Rebecca Zumeta
Publication Date: April 2014
Publisher: National Center on Intensive Intervention

Standards-Relevant Instruction & Multi-Tiered Systems of Support (MTSS) or Response to Intervention
These documents illustrate how college- and career-ready standards can be addressed across levels of a multi-tiered system of support (MTSS) or response to intervention framework in reading and mathematics. They provide examples of how to apply standards relevant instruction across core instruction, secondary intervention, intensive intervention and for to support students with significant cognitive challenges.
Publisher: National Center on Intensive Intervention at American Institutes for Research


The RTI Data Analysis Teaming Process
This article discusses the critical importance of data team meetings with a problem solving process to create curricular improvements, design interventions, and decide which students will benefit from additional tiered instruction.
Authors: Joseph F. Kovaleski, Megan Roble, and Michelle Agne
Publisher: National Center for Learning Disabilities

Tiered Instruction and Intervention in a Response-to-Intervention Model
This article details the process of implementing instruction and intervention that occurs as a function of the outcomes of the assessments.
Author: Edward S. Shapiro
Publisher: RTI Action Network

Using Student Achievement Data to Support Instructional Decision Making
This guide offers recommendations to help educators effectively use data to monitor students’ academic progress and evaluate instructional practices. It also recommends teaching students how to use their own data to set learning goals.
Authors: Laura Hamilton, Richard Halverson, Sharnell S. Jackson, Ellen Mandinach,Jonathan A. Supovitz, and Jeffrey C. Wayman
Publication Date: September 2009
Publisher: Institute of Education Sciences

What Is MTSS?
Multi-tiered system of supports (MTSS) is a coherent continuum of system-wide, data-based problem solving practices supporting a rapid response to the academic and behavioral needs for all students. This comprehensive system of supports includes assessments (universal screening, diagnostic, progress monitoring, formative, and summative), research-based instruction, and interventions. Additional information is included here.
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education

What’s Your Plan? Accurate Decision Making within a Multi-Tier System of Supports: Critical Areas in Tier 1
This article addresses the complexity of MTSS decision making and identifies critical decision points within Tier 1 (universal or core instruction for all students) at the building level. Additional tools and resources are offered.
Author: Terri Metcalfe
Publisher: RTI Action Network

What’s Your Plan? Accurate Decision Making within a Multi-Tier System of Supports: Critical Areas in Tier 2
This article addresses the complexity of the MTSS process and identifies decision points within critical areas of Tier 2 at the building level. Additional tools and resources are offered to further assist in Tier 2 decisions.
Author: Terri Metcalfe
Publisher: RTI Action Network

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