Building Teacher Collaboration School-wide
This article discusses collaboration within three organizational models: common planning time, professional learning communities, and critical friends groups.
Authors: Micki M. Caskey and Jan Carpenter
Publication Date: October 2014
Publisher: Association for Middle Level Education

Co-Planning Meeting Agenda Template
This is a template for a planning session for co-teachers. An example of the Co-Planning Meeting Agenda with variations of co-teaching is provided.
Publisher: William & Mary School of Education

Co-Teaching and Team Teaching: Promising Opportunities for Supporting Novice Special Education Teachers Within the School Culture
This brief focuses on collaborative opportunities that can counteract the isolation of special education teachers and help teachers to work together on providing high-quality education for all students in the general classroom.
Publisher: National Center to Inform Policy and Practice in Special Education Professional Development

Co-Teaching Beliefs to Support Inclusive Education: Survey of Relationships between General and Special Educators in Inclusive Classes
This study’s results suggest that Arizona general and special educators in co-teaching relationships hold more similar perceptions regarding belief and approaches to teaching and also personal characteristics needed for effect co-teaching relations than dissimilar.
Authors: Ida Malian and Erin McRae
Publication Date: Spring 2010
Publisher: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education

Co-Teaching: An Illustration of the Complexity of Collaboration in Special Education
This journal article explores the complexities of collaboration and offers recommendations for practice as special education transitions from a dual system of education to a more blended educational practice.
Authors: Marilyn Friend, Lynne Cooke, Deanna Hurley-Chamberlain, and Cynthia Shamberger
Publication Date: July 2013
Publisher: Routledge

Collaboration: Closing the Effective Teaching Gap
This policy brief offers a powerful perspective on teaching effectiveness and teacher collaboration with evidence showing that when teachers are given time and tools to collaborate with their peers, they're more likely to teach
effectively and more likely to remain in the high-needs schools that need them most.
Authors: Barnett Berry, Alesha Daughtrey, and Alan Wieder
Publication Date: December 2009
Publisher: Center for Teaching Quality

Communicating with Parents: Strategies for Teachers
This article presents a range of communication opportunities available to teachers, including the emerging use of technology. Barriers to effective communication are considered in conjunction with potential solutions.
Author: Susan Graham-Clay
Publisher: The School Community Journal

Connecting Principal Leadership, Teacher Collaboration, and Student Achievement
This study provides evidence of important links between shared instructional leadership, teacher collaboration, and student achievement. Implications for practitioners include encouraging leaders to focus on instruction in their schools and to support teachers’ shared leadership and their collaborative practices.
Authors: Yvonne L. Goddard, Robert Miller, Ross Larson, Roger Goddard, Jean Madsen, and Patricia Schroeder
Publication Date: Mat 2010
Publisher: Education Leadership Research Center at Texas A&M University

Creating a Warm and Inclusive Classroom Environment: Planning for All Children to Feel Welcome
This article discusses how the classroom environment should do as much to foster cooperation and acceptance as the teaching methods that the teacher uses. Included is a number of methods to help teachers plan for and create a classroom that welcomes and supports all children.
Authors: Jessica L. Bucholz and Julie L. Sheffler
Publication Date: Spring 2009
Publisher: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education

Dispelling the Myths of Inclusive Education
The purpose of this document is to share and dispel several common myths about inclusive education for students with disabilities.
Publication Date: Spring 2014
Publisher: TASH

Educating Students with Learning Disabilities in Inclusive Classrooms
This study looks at the need for educators to make placement decisions considering the resources available in their school, in addition to the skill level of the students they work with, in order to make proper decisions regarding least restrictive environment. Doing so puts the student at the center of educational planning rather than ideological belief.
Author: Jeremy Ford
Publication Date: Fall/Winter 2013
Publisher: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education

Effective Co-Teaching Strategies 
This article explains, compares, and contrasts four collaborative teaching approaches that have proven to be successful for educators who work together in co-teaching partnerships to differentiate instruction. 
Author: Richard Villa
Publisher: K-12 Teachers Alliance

Effective Inclusion Practices
This report summarizes five practices essential in successful inclusive environments that benefit students with and without disabilities. These strategies include assessing the whole child, performance-based assessments, and use of visuals, specifically graphic organizers, and collaboration. 
Author: M. Alyssa Barnes
Publication Date: Spring 2009
Publisher: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education

Effective Teaching Practices for Students in Inclusive Classrooms
This article provides tips for inclusive practices that will assist general education teachers in meeting the educational needs of their students with disabilities.
Author: Sue Land
Publication Date: November/December 2004
Publisher: William & Mary School of Education

ESSentials LogoESSentials: Digging into State Testing Data for Grades 4-8
This activity provides a global picture of how students are doing in general and identifies specific areas that need
improvement. The data will be used to guide collaborative team actions leading to increased student achievement.
Publication Date: April 2018
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education, Exceptional Student Services

ESSentials LogoESSentials: Interventions and Enrichment
This resource demonstrates how Arizona’s Mesquite Elementary gives students the additional time they need to master core concepts and elevate their learning to the next level.
Publication Date: June 2015
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education, Exceptional Student Services

ESSentials LogoESSentials: Student-Driven Differentiated Instruction
This resource explains how to create blocks of time to provide intervention and enrichment for all students. See how the staff of Humboldt Elementary collaborates to support the needs of all students in grades 4-6.
Publication Date: June 2015
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education, Exceptional Student Services

Frequently Asked Questions About Inclusive Education
This document answers questions regarding inclusive practices in education.
Publication Date: 2015
Publisher: Stetson & Associates, Inc.

General Education and Special Education Teachers Collaborate to Support English Language Learners
with Learning Disabilities

This article suggests collaboration between general and special education teachers and other specialists to work together to provide appropriate learning experiences and research-based strategies for ELLs with LD. 
Author: Huong Tran Nguyen
Publication Date: Spring 2012
Publishers: Issues in Teacher Education

Instructing Students With High-Incidence Disabilities in the General Education Classroom
This chapter describes inclusion models and provides suggestions for effective practices for increasing learning for all students when students with high-incidence disabilities are included in the general education classroom.
Authors: Sharon Vaughn, Jeanne Shay Schumm, and James W. Forgan
Publisher: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development

Just Feeling Like Part of a Team Increases Motivation on Challenging Tasks
This article discusses new research that finds just the sense of working together with others can dramatically increase motivation to complete difficult tasks, even when working alone.
Publication Date: February 2015
Publisher: Association for Psychological Science

Maximizing the Impact of Teacher Collaboration
This article discusses structured professional collaboration that focuses on improved instruction benefiting both teachers and students. Five questions answer how teachers can keep their collaboration on track so that it contributes to the growth of a professional learning community in their school.
Publication Date: March 2007
Publisher: Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement

Overview of the Research on Team Effectiveness
This summary on team effectiveness highlights key considerations for understanding team effectiveness and presents theoretical models that conceptualize team processes as the primary mechanisms for promoting team effectiveness.
Authors: National Research Council
Publication Date: July 2015
Publisher: National Academy Press

Paraeducators Perceptions of Their Roles in Inclusive Classrooms: A National Study of Paraeducators
This report discusses a national survey conducted to ascertain paraeducators perceptions regarding their roles with inclusive classes, collaboration with general and special education teachers, responsibilities within the classroom regarding instruction, other management of the daily routines, and their beliefs about teaching and training needs.
Author: Ida Malian
Publication Date: 2011
Publisher: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education

Strong Teams, Strong School
This article discusses how effective teams strengthen leadership, improve teaching and learning, nurture relationships, increase job satisfaction, and provide a means for mentoring and supporting new teachers and administrators.
Author: Dennis Sparks
Publication Date: April 2013
Publisher: Learning Forward

Teacher and Students' Perceptions of a Modified Inclusion Classroom Environment
This study examines how modifying one fourth grade inclusion classroom impacted teacher and students’ perceptions of their learning environment.
Authors: Elizabeth Kirby Fullerton and Caroline Guardino
Publication Date: Winter 2010
Publisher: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education

Teacher Collaboration In Perspective: A Guide to Research
This research guide synthesizes research on teacher collaboration and how creating conditions for teachers to work more collaboratively might benefit students and teachers in their schools and districts. 
Publication Date: 2017
Publishers: Spencer Foundation and Public Agenda

Teacher-Teacher Collaboration
This report explores what actually should happen in collaboration and how collaboration can effectively lead to student achievement.
Authors: Maurice Miller and Robin Burden
Publication Date: 2007
Publisher: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education

The Challenges of Inclusion and Collaboration: Understanding the Needs of Novice Special Education Teachers
Find out how administrators can help novice special education teachers address the challenges they face with inclusion, collaboration, and interactions with other adults.
Publication Date: 2010
Publisher: National Center to Inform Policy and Practice in Special Education Professional Development

The Effectiveness of the Co-Teaching Model: Literature Review
This report provides an overview of the literature surrounding co-teaching as a mode of instruction for children with and without disabilities and discusses best practices including research on its effectiveness.
Publication Date: March 2012
Publisher: Hanover Research

Using Co-Planning Time: Strategies for a Successful Co-Teaching Marriage
This article provides specific advice on how co-planning time can be effectively used to foster the necessary foundation for co-teaching success.
Authors: Lori Howard and Elizabeth A. Potts
Publication Date: March 2009
Publisher: Council for Exceptional Children

Vertical Teaming
This article explains how collaboration, cooperation, and communication of vertical teaming establish a coherent K-12 curriculum to help students navigate the transition between elementary, middle, and high school.
Author: Penny H. Kowal
Publication Date: August 2002
Publisher: National Middle School Association

When Teachers Believe, Students Achieve
This article discusses why collective efficacy is important, how collaborative teacher inquiry can enhance collective efficacy, and how school leaders can support educators’ engagement in the process.
Authors: Jenni Donohoo and Steven Katz 
Publication Date: December 2017
Publisher: Learning Forward