Roles
 


How Paraeducators Build Cultural Bridges in Diverse Classrooms
This article examines how educators can use the "funds of knowledge" available in culturally diverse families and communities to build bridges between the home cultures of students and the cultures of their schools.
Authors: Robert Rueda and Carmen DeNeve
Publisher: Center for Multilingual, Multicultural Research

NEA Paraeducator Handbook
This handbook provides information that can serve as a basis for understanding the important roles paraeducators assume in supporting teaching and learning in the nation’s schools and how paraeducators may be supported in carrying out their responsibilities.
Publication Date: 2005
Publisher: The National Education Association of the United States

Paraeducators and IDEA 2004: Recognizing and Defining the Role of Paraeducators
This article discusses the importance of the entire school community understanding the role and contribution of paraeducators, as equal and essential members of the education team.
Publisher: The National Education Association of the United States

Paraeducators Perceptions of Their Roles in Inclusive Classrooms: A National Study of Paraeducators
This study indicates the role of the paraeductor in the inclusive classroom is evolving into that of a collaborative partner who plans and works with the teacher to assure goal attainment for the students.
Author: Ida Malian 
Publication Date: Summer 2011
Publisher: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education


Paraprofessionals 
This article defines the term “paraprofessional” as found in the No Child Left Behind Act and discusses typical duties.
Publication Date: Updated February 2013
Publisher: National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities

Paraprofessionals: The “Sous Chefs” of Literacy Instruction
This article outlines the commonalities in circumstances in which paraprofessionals were used successfully to improve the reading skills of students.
Authors: Julie N. Causton-Theoharis, Michael F. Giangreco, Mary Beth Doyle, and Patricia F. Vadasy
Publication Date: 2007
Publisher: Council for Exceptional Children

Positive Behavior Support and the Paraprofessional
This article discusses how the paraprofessionals' role in positive behavioral interventions and supports (PBIS) can encompass collaboration in all three levels of positive behavior support.
Publisher: Positive Behavioral Interventions & Supports


Respect, Appreciation, and Acknowledgment of Paraprofessionals Who Support Students with Disabilities
This article describes the experiences of school personnel, including classroom teachers, paraprofessionals, special educators, and administrators who worked in four schools, Grades K-12.
Author: Michael F. Giangreco
Publication Date: Summer 2001
Publisher: Council for Exceptional Children

Roles and Responsibilities of Paraprofessionals: In Their Own Words
This study focused on the perceptions of paraprofessionals regarding the roles they fulfill while working with children with disabilities in special education and inclusive settings.
Author: Karen B. Patterson
Publication Date: May 2006
Publisher: TEACHING Exceptional Children Plus

Team Players and Team Managers: Special Educators Working with Paraeducators to Support Inclusive Classrooms
This paper summarizes recommendations from a selection of international research literature urging teachers to take the initiative to invite paraeducators to participate fully as team players in collaborative work.
Authors: Betty Y. Ashbaker and Jill Morgan
Publication Date: June 2012
Publisher: Scientific Research

Teaming and Partnering to Improve Results for Children and Youth with Disabilities
This manual provides paraeducators and teachers information regarding roles and responsibilities and a plan to meet the needs of the teacher, paraeducators, and students.
Publication Date: 2010
Publisher: Technical Assistance for Excellence in Special Education

The Paraprofessional Role of Connector
This article presents paraeducators' perceptions of the role they play in connecting the school to its community and the student to the curriculum by using specific strategies aimed at helping students learn.
Authors: Ruth V. Chopra, Elena Sandoval-Lucero, Lorenso Aragon, Christina Bernal, Helen Berg de Balderas, and Diane Carroll
Publication Date: July/August 2004
Publisher: Remedial and Special Education

The Role of Paraprofessionals in Special Education
This Study of Personnel Needs in Special Education (SPeNSE) fact sheet describes how to understand the contexts in which paraprofessionals work and use that information to provide them with appropriate training and supervision.
Publication Date: 2013
Publisher: U.S. Office of Special Education Programs

What Do Paraeducators in Inclusive Classrooms Say About Their Work? Analysis of National Survey Data and Follow-up Interviews in California
This study explores the multidimensional role of paraeducators who work in inclusive classrooms.
Authors: Andrea G. Liston, Ann Nevin, and Ida Malian
Publication Date: May 2009
Publisher: TEACHING Exceptional Children Plus


Working with Paraprofessionals
This article discusses how teachers must change their role from gracious host to engaged teaching partner. 
Author: Michael F. Giangreco
Publication Date: October 2003
Publisher: Educational Leadership

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