Instructional Leadership
 


15 Effective Strategies for Reducing the Dropout Rate
This document provides Arizona models for each of the fifteen strategies and includes specific strategies to address at-risk students. 
Publisher: National Dropout Prevention Center/Network

A New Wave of Evidence: The Impact of School, Family, and Community Connections on Student Achievement
This report confirms that the research continues to grow and build an ever-strengthening case that when schools, families, and community groups work together to support learning, children tend to do better in school, stay in school longer, and like school more.
Authors: Anne T. Henderson and Karen L. Mapp
Publication Date: 2002
Publisher: Southwest Educational Development Laboratory

A Successful Formula for Middle School Inclusion: Collaboration, Time, and Administrative Support
This report summarizes the results of a survey on attitudes toward inclusion, which was conducted in a middle school in a large school district and given prior to the implementation of full inclusion. 
Authors: Susan Pitts Santoli, John Sachs, Elizabeth A. Romey, and Stephen McClurg
Publication Date: 2008
Publisher: RMLE Online, Research in Middle Level Education

Accessing the General Education Curriculum: Inclusion Considerations for Students with Disabilities
This module highlights classroom considerations that promote access to the general education curriculum for students with disabilities.
Publisher: The IRIS Center

Adolescent Literacy Walk-Through for Principals: A Guide for Instructional Leaders
This guide offers a scaffold to build principals’ understanding of scientifically-based reading instruction, both as a means for gathering information about the quality of literacy and reading intervention instruction in a school and as a data collection guide for planning targeted professional development and resource allocation.
Authors: Lila M. Rissman, Debra H. Miller, and Joseph K. Torgesen
Publication Date: 2009
Publisher: RMC Research Corporation, Center on Instruction

An Administrator's Guide to Preschool Inclusion
This guide offers practical strategies for administrators who are responsible for setting up, monitoring, supporting, and maintaining inclusive programs for preschool children with and without disabilities.
Authors: Ruth Ashworth Wolery and Samuel L. Odom
Publication Date: July 2000
Publisher: Early Childhood Research Institute on Inclusion

Building Collective Efficacy: How Leaders Inspire Teachers to Achieve
This issue brief looks at how leaders can engage staff to build “collective efficacy," a perception of teachers in a school that the efforts of the faculty as a whole will have a positive effect on student learning.
Authors: Dana Brinson and Lucy Steiner
Publication Date: October 2007
Publisher: The Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement

Building Teacher Collaboration School-wide
This article discusses collaboration within three organizational models: common planning time, professional learning communities, and critical friends groups.
Authors: Micki M. Caskey and Jan Carpenter
Publication Date: October 2014
Publisher: Association for Middle Level Education

Central Office Transformation for District-wide Teaching and Learning Improvement
This report summarizes main results from a national study of how leaders in urban school district central offices fundamentally transformed their work and relationships with schools to support districtwide teaching and learning improvement.
Authors: Meredith I. Honig, Michael A. Copland, Lydia Rainey, Juli Anna Lorton, and Morena Newton with the assistance of Elizabeth Matson, Liza Pappas, and Bethany Rogers
Publication Date: April 2010
Publisher: University of Washington 

Classroom Walkthroughs: Learning to See the Trees and the Forest
This article discusses the purpose of walkthroughs, how to do effective walkthroughs, what data to collect, and how to analyze the data to make improvements.
Author: Howard Pitler with Bryan Goodwin
Publisher: Mid-continent Research for Education and Learning

Co-Teaching and Team Teaching: Promising Opportunities for Supporting Novice Special Education Teachers Within the School Culture
This brief discusses how collaborative opportunities can counteract the historic isolation of special education teachers.
Publication Date: 2010
Publisher:
National Center to Inform Policy and Practice in Special Education Professional Development

Co-Teaching Beliefs to Support Inclusive Education: Survey of Relationships between General and Special Educators in Inclusive Classes
This study’s results suggest that Arizona general and special educators in co-teaching relationships hold more similar perceptions regarding belief and approaches to teaching and also personal characteristics needed for effect co-teaching relations than dissimilar.
Authors: Ida Malian and Erin McRae
Publication Date: Spring 2010
Publisher: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education

Collaborating with Special Education Administrators
This article discusses three major questions that principals and special education staff should consider as they collaborate to effect education reform for all students
Author: Judith A. Green
Publication Date: November/December 2008
Publisher: National Association of Elementary School Principals

Common Planning: A Linchpin Practice in Transforming Secondary Schools
This report elaborates the promise and challenges of Common Planning and offer recommendations for stronger, more widespread implementation and rigorous study.
Authors: Nettie Legters, Dia Adams, and Patrice Williams
Publisher: Academy for Educational Development

Connecting Principal Leadership, Teacher Collaboration, and Student Achievement
This study provides evidence of important links between shared instructional leadership, teacher collaboration, and student achievement. Implications for practitioners include encouraging leaders to focus on instruction in their schools and to support teachers’ shared leadership and their collaborative practices.
Authors: Yvonne L. Goddard, Robert Miller, Ross Larson, Roger Goddard, Jean Madsen, and Patricia Schroeder
Publication Date: Mat 2010
Publisher: Education Leadership Research Center at Texas A&M University

Creating an Inclusive School Environment: A Model for School Leaders
This module offers a general overview of the concepts that principals should consider when creating inclusive schools.
Publisher: The IRIS Center

Data-Informed Leadership in Education
This paper synthesizes and interprets ideas, frameworks, beliefs, and activities concerning the availability, quality, and use of data in the work of leaders at state and local levels related to the improvement of teaching and learning. 
Authors: Michael S. Knapp, Juli A. Swinnerton, Michael A. Copland, and Jack Monpas-Huber
Publication Date: October 2006
Publisher: Wallace Foundation

Dispelling the Myths of Inclusive Education
The purpose of this document is to share and dispel several common myths about inclusive education for students with disabilities.
Publication Date: Spring 2014
Publisher: TASH

Dropout and Graduation
This article explores the issues related to the high dropout rate among students with disabilities and provides ideas for improving their graduation rates.
Publisher: National Center on Secondary Education and Transition

Dropout Prevention
This guide provides strategies that include identifying and advocating for at-risk students, implementing programs to improve behavior and social skills, and keeping students engaged in the school environment.
Authors: Mark Dynarski, Linda Clarke, Brian Cobb, Jeremy Finn, Russell Rumberger, and Jay Smink
Publication Date: August 2008
Publisher: Institute of Education Sciences

Early Childhood Inclusion
This joint position statement offers a definition of early childhood inclusion as a blueprint for identifying the key components of high quality inclusive programs. Included are recommendations for how the information should be used to improve early childhood services.
Publication Date: April 2009
Publisher: Division for Early Childhood and National Association for the Education of Young Children

Educating Students with Learning Disabilities in Inclusive Classrooms
This study looks at the need for educators to make placement decisions considering the resources available in their school, in addition to the skill level of the students they work with, in order to make proper decisions regarding least restrictive environment. 
Author: Jeremy Ford
Publication Date: Fall/Winter 2013
Publisher: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education

Eight Scenarios Illustrating the Adolescent Literacy Walk-through for Principals
This document provides scenarios to illustrate adolescent literacy instruction for fourth and fifth grade classrooms, content-area classrooms in grades 6-12, and reading intervention classrooms in grades 6-12. Included is a summary of the walk-through, an orientation to the scenarios, and suggestions for how to use them.
Authors: Marcia L. Kosanovich and Debra H. Miller
Publication Date: 2010
Publisher: RMC Research Corporation, Center on Instruction

Engaging Families at the Secondary Level: What Schools Can Do to Support Family Involvement
This article discusses more inclusive family-school involvement strategies at the middle and high school level that successfully support teenage academic achievement.
Authors: Chris Ferguson and Victor Rodriguez
Publication Date: July 2005
Publisher: National Center for Family and Community Connections with Schools

Engaging Native American Learners with Rigor and Cultural Relevance
This Issue Brief explores three areas identified in the literature as promising strategies for improving educational outcomes for Native students: instructional practices, curriculum content, and school climate.
Authors: Abner Oakes and Traci Maday
Publication Date: August 2009
Publisher: Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement

ESSentials LogoESSentials: Data-Driven Instruction/Intervention
This resource explains how Humboldt Elementary created a data-friendly, collaborative culture. Using color-coded data walls, teachers examine the data of all students then work together to provide interventions. Publication Date: June 2015
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education, Exceptional Student Services

ESSentials LogoESSentials: Explicit Instruction
This comprehensive resource offers guidance to special and general education teachers for using techniques of explicit instruction based on the book, Explicit Instruction: Effective and Efficient Teaching. Included are two video demonstrations of Anita Archer working with students at an Arizona middle school.
Authors: Anita Archer and Charles Hughes
Publication Date: April 2015
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education, Exceptional Student Services

ESSentials LogoESSentials: Interventions and Enrichment
This resource demonstrates how Arizona’s Mesquite Elementary gives students the additional time they need to master core concepts and elevate their learning to the next level.
Publication Date: June 2015
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education, Exceptional Student Services

ESSentials LogoESSentials: Positive School Culture/Climate
This resource explains the benefits of developing a positive school culture, includes National School Culture Standards, and features a demonstration video from Arizona’s Villa Montessori Charter School.
Publication Date: May 2015
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education, Exceptional Student Services

ESSentials LogoESSentials: Sharing Data to Create Stronger Parent Partnerships
This resource explains how Humboldt Elementary shares student reading data with parents so they understand it and can better work with the school to increase reading achievement.
Publication Date: June 2015
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education, Exceptional Student Services

ESSentials LogoESSentials: Student-Driven Differentiated Instruction
This resource explains how to create blocks of time to provide intervention and enrichment for all students. See how the staff of Humboldt Elementary collaborates to support the needs of all students in grades 4-6.
Publication Date: June 2015
Publisher: Arizona Department of Education, Exceptional Student Services

Frequently Asked Questions About Inclusive Education
This document answers questions regarding inclusive practices in education.
Publication Date: 2015
Publisher: Stetson & Associates, Inc.

General Education and Special Education Teachers Collaborate to Support English Language Learners
with Learning Disabilities

This article suggests collaboration between general and special education teachers and other specialists to work together to provide appropriate learning experiences and research-based strategies for ELLs with LD. 
Author: Huong Tran Nguyen
Publication Date: Spring 2012
Publishers: Issues in Teacher Education

Getting Ready to Implement Intensive Intervention: Infrastructure for Data-Based Individualization 
This module introduces the infrastructure needed to implement data-based individualization (DBI). The module includes presentation slides with integrated activities and handouts to help teams determine their readiness and develop an action plan for implementation. 
Publisher: National Center on Intensive Intervention

How Leadership Influences Student Learning Leadership 
This research review discusses how leadership is second only to teaching among school-related factors in its impact on student learning.
Authors: Kenneth Leithwood, Karen Seashore Louis, Stephen Anderson and Kyla Wahlstrom 
Publication Date: 2004
Publishers: University of Minnesota, University of Toronto, and Wallace Foundation

How We Do Business Here: Assessing Your School’s Culture
This article discusses how leaders can assess their school's current culture by asking key stakeholders such as teachers, students, support staff, and parents to communicate their perceptions of the school's values, beliefs, and norms and offers activities to help facilitate this process. 
Author: Elaine B. Gould
Publication Date: 2010
Publisher: William & Mary School of Education

Implementation Drivers: Assessing Best Practices
This newly revised assessment tool can be used by Implementation Teams during any Implementation Stage of an innovation to rate implementation supports currently in place.
Authors: Dean L. Fixsen, Karen A. Blase, Sandra F. Naoom, and Michelle A. Duda
Publication Date: Jabuary 2015
Publisher: FPG Child Development Institute

Improved Middle Grades Schools for Improved High School Readiness: Ten Best Practices in the Middle Grades
This report presents data demonstrating how implementing ten best practices results in better outcomes with improved student achievement for middle grades students. 
Author: Gene Bottoms
Publication Date: March 2012
Publisher: Southern Regional Education Board

Improving Literacy Instruction in Middle and High Schools: A Guide for Principals
This guide is based on scientific research of reading instruction, studies of successful schools, and interviews with successful principals.
Author: Joseph Torgesen, Debra Houston, and Lila Rissman
Publication Date: 2007
Publisher: Center on Instruction, RMC Research Corporation

Inclusion Needs Assessment
This needs assessment provides school leadership with the direction of what professional development to provide the school staff in order to support successful inclusion of students with disabilities within the school.
Publication Date: 2006
Publisher: William & Mary School of Education

Instructing Students With High-Incidence Disabilities in the General Education Classroom
This chapter describes inclusion models and provides suggestions for effective practices for increasing learning for all students when students with high-incidence disabilities are included in the general education classroom.
Authors: Sharon Vaughn, Jeanne Shay Schumm, and James W. Forgan
Publisher: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development

Intensive Reading Interventions for Struggling Readers in Early Elementary School: A Principal’s Guide
This guide provides information critical to developing and implementing an effective school-level intervention program.
Publication Date: 2006
Publisher: Center on Instruction, RMC Research Corporation

Investigating the Links to Improved Student Learning: Final Report of Research Findings
This study identifies how successful educational leadership can improve educational practices and student learning. 
Authors: Karen Seashore Louis, Kenneth Leithwood, Kyla Wahlstrom, and Stephen Anderson 
Publication Date: July 2010 
Publishers: University of Minnesota, University of Toronto, and the Wallace Foundation  

Issues in Exceptional Student Education: The Challenges for Principals
This paper covers issues related to exceptional student education and offers solutions for some of the most common problems faced by principals. Possible difficulties that can be encountered when implementing the proposed solutions are also identified and explained.
Author: Vannapond Suttichujit
Publication Date: 2008
Publisher: Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences 

Job-Embedded Professional Development: What It Is, Who Is Responsible, and How to Get It Done Well
This brief explicitly defines job-embedded professional development and answers questions with a focus on job-embedded professional development for teachers. 
Authors: Andrew Croft, Jane G. Coggshall, Megan Dolan, Elizabeth Powers with Joellen Killion 
Publication Date: April 2010
Publisher: National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality

Leadership for Equity
This article discusses how administrators must intentionally adjust the level of support to meet the most student needs in order to achieve true equity.
Authors: Rhonda Barton and Rob Larson
Publication Date: March 2012
Publisher: National Association of Secondary School Principals

Model Principal Supervisor Professional Standards 2015
These professional standards embody a research-based understanding of the relationship between educational leadership and student learning. They reflect interdependent domains, qualities and values of leadership work that research and practice suggest are integral to student success.
Publication Date: December 2015
Publisher: Council of Chief State School Officers

New Roles for Principals in Supporting Novice Special Education Teachers
The information in this document is organized around common ways that principals should provide support to novice teachers.
Publication Date: 2010
Publisher: National Center to Inform Policy and Practice in Special Education Professional Development

Organizing Family and Community Connections With Schools: How Do School Staff Build Meaningful Relationships With All Stakeholders?
This article discusses how school leaders need to provide parents with the tools and strategies necessary to develop purposeful relationships between family members and school staff.
Author: Chris Ferguson
Publication Date: August 2005
Publisher: Southwest Educational Development Laboratory

Preparing School Leaders for Every Student’s Learning
This document provides an overview of the leadership needed to support the learning of all students, a description of leadership roles that appear critical for all students to successfully learn, and reviews evidence on how program structures and strategies influence preparation outcomes.
Authors: G. Thomas Bellamy, Jean B. Crockett, and Chase Nordengren 
Publication Date: September 2014
Publisher: Collaboration for Effective Educator, Development, Accountability, and Reform Center 

Preschool Language and Literacy: A Child’s Passport to Lifelong Learning
This paper discusses two research-based practices including strategies and tools to improve instruction in foundational pre-reading skills that elementary principals can use.
National Association of Elementary School Principals

Principal Assessment: Leadership Behaviors Known to Influence Schools and the Learning of All Students
This paper examines research and practices that pertain to all principals who, in turn, influence teachers and all students within their schools. It focuses on the assessment of school principals so that the information can be used for evaluation and further professional development to promote leadership behaviors. 
Authors: Steven N. Elliott and Matthew Clifford
Publication Date: September 2014
Publisher: Collaboration for Effective Educator, Development, Accountability, and Reform Center

Principals and Special Education: The Critical Role of School Leaders
This paper examines key leadership issues related to effective special education and reviews emerging standards for principal performance to determine the knowledge and skills that effective school leaders need.
Author: Michael F. DiPaola and Chriss Walther-Thomas
Publication Date: February 2003
Publisher: Center on Personnel Studies in Special Education

Principal as Instructional Leader: Designing a Coaching Program That Fits
This brief discusses how to select a coaching approach that meets the particular needs of a school and how to implement and sustain the effort.
Author: Lucy Steiner and Julie Kowal
Publication Date: 2007
Publisher: Reading Rockets

Principal Leadership: Moving toward Inclusive and High-achieving Schools for Students with Disabilities
This paper synthesizes research from both the general and special education leadership literature to identify critical research findings about effective practices and their implications for practice in supporting students with disabilities. An innovation configuration matrix is included for rating levels of implementation.
Authors: Bonnie S. Billingsley, James McLeskey, and Jean B. Crockett
Publication Date: August 2014
Publisher: University of Florida, Collaboration for Effective Educator, Development, Accountability, and Reform Center

Principals Make a Difference: Recommendations for Strengthening Special Education Teacher Induction
Find out what principals can do to help novice special education teachers thrive.
Publication Date: 2010
Publisher:
National Center to Inform Policy and Practice in Special Education Professional Development  

Professional Learning and Professional Development in the Middle Grades
This review will highlight theory and research findings outlining quality professional development and the relationship between these research findings and tenets of middle level education.
Author: Dana L. Bickmore
Publication Date: October 2014
Publisher: Association for Middle Level Education

Professional Learning Communities: A Promising Practice for Integrating Novice Special Education Teachers into the School Culture
This brief discusses how effective principals can create a school culture that supports shared leadership and collaboration between veteran and novice teachers.
Publisher: National Center to Inform Policy and Practice in Special Education Professional Development  

Professional Learning for Culturally Responsive Teaching
This practitioner brief presents six research-based principles to guide professional learning experiences that foster culturally responsive teaching and four key arenas that have been at the forefront of teacher learning research.
Authors: Kathleen A. King, Alfredo J. Artiles, and Elizabeth B. Kozleski
Publication Date: July 2009
Publisher: Arizona State University

Response to Intervention in Secondary Schools: Considerations for Administrators
This article provides a basic description of RTI, to summarize research conducted at the secondary level, and to provide a set of considerations for secondary administrators regarding RTI implementation.
Authors: Seth A. King, Christopher J. Lemons, and David R. Hill
Publication Date: 2012
Publisher: SAGE Publications

Review of Research: How Leadership Influences Student Learning
This report supports the finding that leadership not only matters, but it is second only to teaching among school-related factors in its impact on student learning, 
Authors: Karen Seashore Louis, Kenneth Leithwood, Kyla Wahlstrom, and Stephen Anderson 
Publication Date: 2004 
Publishers: University of Minnesota, University of Toronto, and the Wallace Foundation

School Climate and Shared Leadership
This brief explains shared leadership and offers five strategies that lead to and sustain shared leadership in schools and addresses some of the challenges school leaders, teachers, students, and school community members may experience while co-creating positive school climates.
Authors: William Hughes and Terry Pickeral
Publication Date: February 2013
Publishers: National School Climate Center

School Engagement Among Parents of Middle School Youth
This report offers strategies that schools can use to forge deeper connections to parents of middle school students through home-based involvement, school-based involvement, and academic socialization.
Authors: Angela Valdovinos D’Angelo, Lauren Rich, and Amelia Kohm
Publication Date: May 2012
Publisher: Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago

School Practices and Accountability for Students With Disabilities
This report illustrates the findings of a study comparing school practices and accountability for students with disabilities. Among the findings, always accountable schools favored co-teaching, tiered instructional intervention, PBIS, and adopting reading across the curriculum.
Authors: Jenifer Harr-Robins, Mengli Song, Michael Garet, and Louis Danielson
Publication Date: February 2015
Publisher: Institute of Education Sciences

Special Education Start-Up and Implementation Tools for Charter School Leaders and Special Education Managers
This comprehensive guide includes each special education component and ways to support school staff in meeting the needs of all students.
Authors: Beth Giovannetti and Nancy Opalack
Publication Date: 2012
Publisher: National Charter School Resource Center, American Institutes for Research

Strengthening Student Engagement
This white paper explains how all members of the school community can join forces to develop school-wide practices that cultivate high levels of student engagement. 
Author: Richard D. Jones 
Publication Date: 2008 
Publisher: International Center for Leadership in Education

Strong Teams, Strong School
This article discusses how effective teams strengthen leadership, improve teaching and learning, nurture relationships, increase job satisfaction, and provide a means for mentoring and supporting new teachers and administrators.
Author: Dennis Sparks
Publication Date: April 2013
Publisher: Learning Forward

Students with Special Needs, Reading Education, and Principals: Bridging the Divide through
Instructional Leadership

This study discusses teaching reading to special needs students in self-contained and inclusion settings at the secondary level and how school leaders can more effectively facilitate special education reading programs.
Authors: Karen Sanzo, Jennifer Clayton, and Whitney Sherman
Publication Date: March 2011
Publishers: International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation

Superintendent Leadership: Promoting General and Special Education Collaboration
This document examines the role of the superintendent in promoting, developing and sustaining a culture of collaboration between general and special educators throughout the LEA. Author: Chandra Keller-Allen
Publication Date: September 2009
Publisher: Project Forum

Supporting Mental Health: Use Your School Psychologist to Provide a Multitiered System of Support
This article discusses how principals can help their staffs support student mental health by consulting with their school psychologist to identify critical needs and strategies at the individual, classroom, and building levels.
Authors: Benjamin S. Fernandez and Kelly M. Vaillancourt
Publication Date: November/December 2013
Publisher: National Association of Elementary School Principals

Teacher Development Research Review: Keys to Educator Success
This article explains some of the best practices found by researchers to help ensure educator growth and success that includes job-embedded professional development with collaborative learning.
Author: Vanessa Vega
Publication Date: January 2013
Publisher: Edutopia: What Works in Education

Teacher and Students' Perceptions of a Modified Inclusion Classroom Environment
This study examines how modifying one fourth grade inclusion classroom impacted teacher and students’ perceptions of their learning environment.
Authors: Elizabeth Kirby Fullerton and Caroline Guardino
Publication Date: Winter 2010
Publisher: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education

The Challenges of Inclusion and Collaboration: Understanding the Needs of Novice Special Education Teachers
Find out how administrators can help novice special education teachers address the challenges they face with inclusion, collaboration, and interactions with other adults.
Publication Date: 2010
Publisher:
National Center to Inform Policy and Practice in Special Education Professional Development

The Content Literacy Continuum: A Framework for Improving Adolescent Literacy
This article describes the Content Literacy Continuum, a tool for enabling teachers and administrators to evaluate literacy instruction/services offered within a school and to formulate a plan for improving the quality of those services.
Authors: Keith Lenz and Donald D. Deshler
Publisher: AdLit.org

The Effective Principal
Research indicates that five practices of principals, including shaping a school vision and helping teachers improve instruction, are key to effective school leadership. 
Author: Pamela Mendels
Publication Date: April 2012
Publisher: Learning Forward

The Four “Knows” of Collaborative Teaching
This article focuses on helping teachers meet the challenge of co-teaching at the secondary level by examining the challenges and benefits and providing suggestions for practice.
Authors: Elizabeth B. Keefe, Veronica Moore, and Frances Duff
Publication Date: 2004
Publisher: TEACHING Exceptional Children

The Impact of Explicit, Self-Regulatory Reading Comprehension Strategy Instruction on the Reading-Specific Self-Efficacy, Attributions, and Affect of Students with Reading Disabilities
This study discusses how students in grades 4-8 receiving the explicit, self-regulatory strategy intervention showed greater gains than participants receiving the less explicit intervention.
Authors: Jason M. Nelson and Genevieve Manset-Williamson
Publication Date: Summer 2006
Publishers: Learning Disability Quarterly

The Principal Role in Data Driven Decision Making: Using Case Study Data to Develop Multimediator Models of Educational Reform
This article discusses illuminating the role of the principal as an agent in the Data-Driven Decision Making reform process by using qualitative data and developing multimediator simulation models.
Authors: James A. Levin and Amanda Datnow
Publication Date: 2012
Publisher: Northwestern University

The Principal's Role in the Instructional Process: Implications for At-Risk Students
This article examines the characteristics at schools where at-risk students are making academic gains because effective principals do for teachers what effective teachers do for students.
Publication Date: 1991
Publisher: Southwest Educational Development Laboratory

The School Principal as Leader: Guiding Schools to Better Teaching and Learning
This report identifies five key actions that effective school principals do well, that include shaping a vision of academic success for all students and cultivating leadership in others. 
Publication Date: January 2013
Publisher: The Wallace Foundation

The State of Learning Disabilities: Facts, Trends and Emerging Issues
This revised edition provides an overview of what learning disabilities are, the impact of disabilities during school-age years, and transition from school to postsecondary educational settings and the workplace.
Authors: Candace Cortiella and Sheldon H. Horowitz
Publication Date: 2014
Publisher: National Center for Learning Disabilities

The Three Essentials: Improving Schools Requires District Vision, District and State Support, and Principal Leadership
This study examines the role of the district office in providing principals with the working conditions they need to improve teacher effectiveness and student performance in the middle grades and high school.
Authors: Gene Bottoms and Jon Schmidt-Davis
Publication Date: August 2010
Publisher: Southern Regional Education Board

Top Priority: Teacher Learning
This article discusses how meaningful professional learning and improved teaching follow when collaboration is embedded in teachers’ work and supported by leadership.
Authors: Julia Kassissieh and Rhonda Barton
Publication Date: March 2009
Publisher: National Association of Secondary School Principals

Transforming Middle Schools: Guide to Collaborative Culture and Shared Leadership
This guide includes detailed explanations for developing a collaborative culture and for creating shared leadership, decision making, and effective teacher teams. Included are tools, protocols, and exercises that can be used to develop a collaborative culture and shared leadership.
Publication Date: 2001
Publisher: National Turning Points Center for Collaborative Education

Triage for Struggling Adolescent Readers
This article explains a model for teaching reading that includes intensive care units for the most at-risk students, specialized care for those moderately at-risk, and excellent core instruction for capable readers. 
Authors: Linda J. Diamond
Publisher: AASA, The School Superintendents Association

Turning Around Chronically Low-Performing Schools
This guide identifies practices that can improve the performance of chronically low-performing schools and help failing schools make adequate yearly progress. 
Author: Rebecca Herman, Priscilla Dawson, Thomas Dee, Jay Greene, Rebecca Maynard, Sam Redding, and Marlene Darwin 
Publication Date: 2008 
Publisher: Institute of Education Sciences

Use of Education Data at the Local Level From Accountability to Instructional Improvement
This report describes the types of data available to school staff, how school staff use electronic data systems, school practices with respect to data-driven decision making, and the supports and challenges for school use of student data in planning and implementing instruction. 
Authors: Barbara Means, Christine Padilla, and Larry Gallagher
Publication Date: January 2010
Publisher: SRI International

Using Data to Improve Schools: What’s Working
This is an easy-to-read guide to using data to drive school improvement in large and small districts. School system leaders and their staffs can learn how to build a districtwide culture of inquiry that values the use of data for sound decision-making.
Publisher: American Association of School Administrators

Using Student Achievement Data to Support Instructional Decision Making
This guide offers recommendations to help educators effectively use data to monitor students’ academic progress and evaluate instructional practices. It also recommends teaching students how to use their own data to set learning goals.
Authors: Laura Hamilton, Richard Halverson, Sharnell S. Jackson, Ellen Mandinach,Jonathan A. Supovitz, and Jeffrey C. Wayman
Publication Date: September 2009
Publisher: Institute of Education Sciences

Using Student Achievement Data to Support Instructional Decision Making
This white paper outlines five recommendations to help principals put student achievement data to the best possible use and includes summaries for each.
Publisher: National Association of Elementary School Principals

Vertical Alignment: Ensuring Opportunity to Learn in a Standards-Based System
This brief explains vertical alignment and explores some of the issues that districts may face when implementing vertical alignment of the written curriculum across gra
de levels.
Publication Date: August 2009
Publisher: The Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement

What Content-Area Teachers Should Know About Adolescent Literacy
This report describes the five key components that are critical to the development of reading proficiency and the four other areas that are fundamental in helping adolescents achieve advanced levels of literacy: assessment, writing, motivation, and the needs of diverse learners.
Publication Date: 2007
Publisher: National Institute for Literacy

What Every Teacher Needs to Know to Teach Native American Students
This article discusses the culture and learning styles of Native American students and offers educational practices that will likely aid this group of students to work to their potential.
Author: Hani Morgan
Publication Date: 2009
Publisher: Institute of Education Sciences

What Teachers Wish Administrators Knew About Co-Teaching in High Schools
This article presents the results of individual and focus group interviews with the co-teaching partner teachers comprised of general and special educators. In particular, the analysis reveals the teachers’ perceptions regarding what principals need to know and understand to support co-teaching in their schools.
Authors: Geraldine M Nierengarten and Trudie Hughes
Publication Date: Spring 2010
Publisher: Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education

What the Research Says About Class Size, Professional Development, and Recruitment, Induction, and Retention of Highly Qualified Teachers
This collection of research briefs looks at which strategies are most effective, given organizational and structural constraints, and is intended to help inform states and districts as they plan their Title II, Part A, fund designations.
Author: Basha Krasnoff
Publication Date: 2014
Publisher: Education Northwest

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